Managing African Swine Fever Outbreak in Nagaland: Insights and Actions

Image depicting the African Swine Fever outbreak in Kohima, highlighting the management strategies and insights gained from the experience in Nagaland
Managing African Swine Fever Outbreak in Nagaland: Insights and Actions

The Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services (AH&VS) department in Nagaland effectively managed an outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) in Kohima through swift detection and containment measures.

Detection and Containment:

The ASF outbreak was identified when entrepreneurs Keleyol Vicho and Keyokul Rote reported sick pigs on their farm to the local veterinarian. Samples were promptly collected and tested, confirming ASF. Following protocols outlined by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), a team was dispatched to the infected area, 3 km from Kidima village, for thorough disinfection. Unfortunately, all 62 infected pigs at the farm succumbed to ASF. Sensitization efforts were made to educate villagers on containment measures and prevent further spread.

Origin and Transmission:

Dr. Ilang, Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer, noted the first ASF case in India around 2020, likely originating from China and entering through Arunachal Pradesh. Although the infected livestock in this outbreak were believed to have come via Jalukie, no ASF cases were reported from there. Suspecting the virus might have entered from elsewhere, Dr. Ilang urged prompt reporting of suspected cases to prevent wider outbreaks.

Impact and Compensation:

ASF, though not harmful to humans, inflicts severe economic losses on pig farmers. Entrepreneurs Vicho and Rote sought assistance, which was forwarded to the District Disaster Management Authority for necessary funding. Farmers were encouraged to insure their animals to mitigate losses in future outbreaks.

About African Swine Fever:

ASF is a highly contagious viral disease affecting domestic and wild pigs. It spreads through direct contact, contaminated feed, equipment, or clothing, causing high fever, loss of appetite, hemorrhages, and high mortality rates. Prevention and containment are vital, as there is no vaccine or treatment available.

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