Geography Notes for UPSC, SSC and Other Competitive Exams

Geography Notes


Geography is an extensive subject, which not only covers physical phenomenons such as stars, planets, earth, mountains, but also social phenomenons like race, population and migration. It allows you to understand our relationship with Earth and Universe as whole. These notes are designed for you to understand these geographical phenomenons and how they affect us.

Geography
Branches of Geography

Universe and Out Planet
Universe
Stars
Planets, Satellites and Dwarf Planets

Earth
Motions of the Earth
Longitude and Latitudes
Eclipses

Evolution of Earth
Continental Drift Theory
Plate Tectonic Theory
Composition of the Earth

Movement of Earth
Volcanism
Earthquakes
Earthquake Zones in India

Minerals

Rocks

Landforms

Water (Hydrosphere)
Water Cycle
Components of Hydrospehre
Oceans
Ocean Relief
Submarine Canyon
Major Trenches and Ridges in World
Temperature of the Ocean
Density of Ocean
Salinity of Ocean
Ocean Deposits
Coral Reefs and Atolls
Coral Reefs of the World
Ocean Tide
Ocean Currents
Seas of Ocean
Major Straits of the World
Major Gulfs of the World
Marine Resources
Marine Food Resources
Conservation of Marine Resources
Marine Energy Resources
Marine Pollution
Eutrophication
Ocean Acidification
Ocean Development Programmes in India
Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management
Coastal Ocean Monitoring and Prediction System
The National Institute of Ocean Technology  (NIOT)
Wetlands
Distribution of Wetlands in World

Lakes
Rivers
Drainage Pattern of the River
Rivers of India

Atmosphere
Structure of Atmosphere
Insolation
Heat Budget
Regional Distribution of Temperature
Atmospheric Pressure
Wind
Local Winds of the Wold
Air Mass
Air Fronts
Cyclone and Anti-Cyclone
Humidity
Percipation
Clouds
World Climatic Zones

World Geography
Asia
Africa
North America
South America
Europe
Australia (Oceania)
Antartica

World Geography - Social Phenomenon
Race
Population Density
Population Growth
Migration

World Geography - Economic Aspects
Primary Activities
Agriculture
MIning
Secondary Activities
Major Industrial Centres of India
Major Industrial Centres of the World
Tertiary Activity

Transport
Rail Transport
Rail Transport in India
Major Trans-Continental Railways of the World
Water Transport
Inland Water Transport
Pipeline Transport

India
Size - Location - Area
Neighbours of India
Extreme Points of India

Physical Features of India
Principal Peaks of India
Major Valleys of India
Mountain Passes of India
Longitudnal Division of Himalayas

Climate of India
Rainfall Distribution of India

Drainage of India
List of Major Dam Projects
Major River Water Sharing Disputes of India
Major Waterfalls of India
Major Lakes of India
Major Rivers and their Tributaries of India
Difference between Himalayan and Peninsular Rivers of India

Soils of India
Forest of India
Mangroves
Forest Cover by States of India
Wildlife of India
National Parks of India
Biosphere Reserves of India
Endangered Species of India
Wildlife Conservation

Agriculture in India
Land Use Pattern of India
Types of Farming
Main Crop Seasons of India
Agroclimatic Zones of India
Green Revolution
Major Crops of India
Fisheries
Livestock and Dairy Farming
Sericulture
Horticulture
Floriculture

Mineral Resource of India
Cotton Textile Industry of India
Woolen Textile Industry of India
Jute Textile Industry of India
Silk Industry of India
Sugar Industry of India
Iron and Steel Industry of India
Aluminium Smelting Industry of India
Engineering Industries of India
Automobile Industry of India
Fertilizer Industry of India
Aircraft Industry of India
Cement Industry of India
Glass Industry of India

Energy
Conventional Energy
Oil Refineries in India
Major Power Plants of India
Major Ports of India

Human Resource
Population and Population Growth of India

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