WHO's Strategic Roadmap to Combat Malaria Globally

Image of WHO's strategic roadmap for combating malaria globally by 2030
WHO's Strategic Roadmap to Combat Malaria Globally [Image Source: WHO]

Malaria continues to pose a significant global health challenge, with staggering numbers of deaths and new cases reported annually. Africa shoulders the heaviest burden of this disease, with a disproportionate number of deaths and cases. Despite past progress, recent years have seen a troubling stagnation in efforts to combat malaria, attributed to various factors including resource limitations, humanitarian crises, climate change, and the emergence of drug and insecticide resistance.

Global Status of Malaria:

In 2022 alone, an estimated 608,000 lives were lost to malaria, with 249 million new cases reported globally. Africa accounts for a staggering 95% of malaria-related deaths and 94% of cases worldwide. Progress in combatting the disease has faltered, particularly in regions with high malaria burdens.

Key Elements of the Strategy:

The World Health Organization (WHO) has unveiled a comprehensive new operational strategy designed to accelerate progress towards malaria elimination goals set forth in the Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016-2030. This strategy comprises four strategic objectives:

  1. Developing norms and standards to establish a unified technical vision for malaria control.
  2. Introducing new tools and innovations to enhance existing interventions.
  3. Promoting strategic information for impact by monitoring trends and evaluating programs.
  4. Providing technical leadership to advocate for priority activities and empower communities to access quality health services.

Equity-Oriented Principles:

The strategy is underpinned by three equity-oriented principles:

  1. Country ownership and leadership.
  2. Resilient health systems.
  3. Equitable access to quality services.


A central focus of the strategy is addressing disparities in access to malaria prevention, detection, and treatment. Vulnerable populations, including young children, pregnant women, refugees, migrants, and indigenous communities, are disproportionately affected. The WHO underscores the necessity of a paradigm shift to address the root causes of the disease, prioritize accessibility, efficiency, sustainability, and integration of services, and ensure consistent access to appropriate tools for all at-risk populations.

World Malaria Day 2024:

The theme for World Malaria Day 2024, “Accelerating the fight against malaria for a more equitable world,” echoes the commitment outlined in the Yaoundé Declaration signed by African health ministers. This commitment emphasizes equitable access to malaria interventions, even in hard-to-reach and conflict-affected areas.

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