Agriculture in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Noni fruit/Image: Wikipedia

These points provide an overview of the agricultural scenario in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

  • Agriculture in Andaman and Nicobar Islands covers a total of 48,675 hectares (120,280 acres) of land.
  • Paddy is the main food crop cultivated in the Andaman group of islands. The favorable climatic conditions and availability of water make it suitable for paddy cultivation.
  • Coconut and arecanut are the cash crops of the Nicobar group of islands. These crops are economically significant and contribute to the livelihoods of the local population.
  • During the Rabi season, field crops such as pulses, oilseeds, and vegetables are grown in addition to paddy. This diversifies the agricultural output of the islands.
  • Farmers in the hilly areas cultivate various fruits like mango, sapota, orange, banana, papaya, pineapple, and root crops. These crops thrive in the elevated regions owned by the farmers.
  • Spice cultivation is an important aspect of agriculture in Andaman and Nicobar. Pepper, clove, nutmeg, and cinnamon are grown using a multi-tier cropping system, taking advantage of the natural environment and shade provided by larger trees.
  • Rubber, red oil palm, noni, and cashew are grown on a limited scale in the islands. These crops have potential for further development and could contribute to the agricultural economy.
  • Organic farming practices are prevalent in the territory. Farmers focus on sustainable and eco-friendly methods, avoiding the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
  • The geographical location and biodiversity of Andaman and Nicobar Islands offer unique opportunities for agroforestry and horticulture practices, contributing to the overall agricultural diversity of the region.
  • The agricultural sector in Andaman and Nicobar Islands plays a crucial role in ensuring food security for the local population and supporting the economy through the production of cash crops.

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