24 Jain Tirthankaras


24 Jain Tirthankaras/A Miniature Painting from Jaipur (Circa 1850)

TirthankaraSymbolMeaning of the SymbolAssociated Facts
RishabhdevBullRepresents non-violence, strength, and fertility.- First Tirthankara of Jainism. - Known as Adinath, the progenitor of the human civilization. - Introduced agriculture and civilization.
AjitanathElephantSymbolizes wisdom, royalty, and power.- Second Tirthankara. - Achieved enlightenment after 100 days of severe meditation. - Emphasized the importance of non-violence and self-control.
SambhavanathHorseRepresents energy, grace, and swiftness.- Third Tirthankara. - Known for his divine beauty and compassion towards all living beings. - Emphasized the principles of forgiveness and humility.
AbhinandannathMonkeySymbolizes curiosity, playfulness, and agility.- Fourth Tirthankara. - Renounced his kingdom and attained enlightenment. - Preached the importance of truthfulness and non-violence.
SumatinathCurlew (Bird)Symbolizes focus, alertness, and adaptability.- Fifth Tirthankara. - Associated with qualities like patience, endurance, and self-control. - Known for promoting non-violence and compassion.
PadmaprabhaLotusRepresents purity, detachment, and spiritual awakening.- Sixth Tirthankara. - Achieved enlightenment through severe penance and meditation. - Known for his serene and composed nature.
SuparshvanathSwastikaSymbolizes auspiciousness, well-being, and eternity.- Seventh Tirthankara. - Achieved spiritual awakening at the age of 30. - Emphasized the significance of self-control and austerity.
ChandraprabhaMoonSymbolizes tranquility, enlightenment, and coolness.- Eighth Tirthankara. - Attained enlightenment after observing a year of strict silence. - Known for his radiant and calm persona.
PushpadantaCrocodileRepresents power, patience, and determination.- Ninth Tirthankara. - Achieved enlightenment through deep meditation and self-discipline. - Renowned for his exceptional spiritual knowledge.
SheetalnathKalpavriksha (Wish-fulfilling Tree)Symbolizes fulfillment, abundance, and spiritual growth.- Tenth Tirthankara. - Emphasized the importance of equanimity and non-attachment. - Known for his peaceful and composed nature.
ShreyansanathRhinocerosSymbolizes strength, courage, and firmness.- Eleventh Tirthankara. - Attained enlightenment through rigorous spiritual practices. - Preached the significance of truthfulness and non-violence.
VasupujyaBuffaloRepresents stability, strength, and prosperity.- Twelfth Tirthankara. - Known for his immense spiritual powers and wisdom. - Stressed the importance of austerity and self-control.
VimalnathPigSymbolizes purity, detachment, and humility.- Thirteenth Tirthankara. - Symbolizes purity and detachment. - Emphasized the virtues of truth, non-violence, and forgiveness.
AnantnathFalconRepresents freedom, spiritual elevation, and keen perception.- Fourteenth Tirthankara. - Achieved enlightenment at a young age. - Known for his exceptional knowledge and compassion towards all beings.
DharmanathVajra (Thunderbolt)Symbolizes firmness, strength, and enlightenment.- Fifteenth Tirthankara. - Attained enlightenment through deep meditation and penance. - Promoted the principles of truth and forgiveness.
ShantinathDeerSymbolizes grace, peace, and innocence.- Sixteenth Tirthankara. - Symbolizes peace and tranquility. - Emphasized the importance of non-violence and equanimity.
KunthunathGoatRepresents curiosity, independence, and self-reliance.- Seventeenth Tirthankara. - Achieved enlightenment through deep meditation. - Known for his profound knowledge and spiritual teachings.
AranathNandyavarta (Snake)Symbolizes eternity, wisdom, and protection.- Eighteenth Tirthankara. - Attained spiritual awakening after prolonged meditation. - Preached the importance of self-discipline and non-attachment.
MallinathKumbha (Water Pot)Symbolizes purity, nourishment, and abundance.- Nineteenth Tirthankara. - Known for his profound meditation and spiritual attainments. - Emphasized the virtues of self-control and detachment.
MunisuvrataTortoiseRepresents patience, longevity, and stability.- Twentieth Tirthankara. - Achieved enlightenment through deep meditation and penance. - Preached the importance of non-violence and truthfulness.
NaminathBlue LotusSymbolizes purity, detachment, and spiritual growth.- Twenty-first Tirthankara. - Symbolizes purity and detachment. - Emphasized the principles of non-violence, truthfulness, and compassion.
NeminathShankha (Conch)Symbolizes purity, righteousness, and auspiciousness.- Twenty-second Tirthankara. - Renounced his royal status and attained enlightenment. - Known for his teachings on non-violence and self-discipline.
ParshvanathSnakeRepresents protection, transformation, and spiritual wisdom.- Twenty-third Tirthankara. - Achieved enlightenment through rigorous ascetic practices. - Stressed the significance of non-violence and compassion.
MahaviraLionSymbolizes strength, fearlessness, and royalty.- Twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara of Jainism. - Born in present-day Bihar, India. - Preached the principles of non-violence, truth, and spiritual liberation.

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