Mesolithic sites in Kerala

Edakkal Caves, Wayanad/Image Credit: Ashwin Kumar

Mesolithic sites in Kerala provide important information about prehistoric human habitation and cultural practises in the region. The following are some noteworthy Mesolithic sites in Kerala:

Edakkal Caves: Located in the Wayanad district, the Edakkal Caves are famous for their Mesolithic rock engravings and paintings. Humans, animals, symbols, and various cultural motifs are depicted in these cave drawings.

Ezhuthupara: Ezhuthupara, near Kottayam, is an important Mesolithic site in Kerala. Excavations at this site have uncovered stone tools, pottery fragments, and human habitation remains, all of which provide important evidence of ancient human settlements.

Aruvippuram: Aruvippuram, in the district of Thiruvananthapuram, is another important Mesolithic site. Excavations at this site have uncovered microlithic tools, pottery shards, and ancient dwelling remnants, shedding light on the lifestyle and activities of the early inhabitants.

Mankada: Located in the Palakkad district, Mankada has produced Mesolithic artefacts such as microliths, stone tools, and pottery fragments. These discoveries point to the presence of Mesolithic communities in the area.

Tenmala: Tenmala, in the Pathanamthitta district, is a Mesolithic site with rock shelters and cave paintings. These paintings depict scenes of hunting, fishing, and daily life activities, offering insights into the region's ancient culture and practises.

Marayoor: The Idukki district town of Marayoor is famous for its rock engravings and paintings, some of which date back to the Mesolithic period. These rock art sites display images of animals, humans, and geometric patterns, providing valuable insight into early inhabitants' artistic expressions.

Attappady: Attappady, located in the Palakkad district, is home to several Mesolithic sites. Excavations at these sites have uncovered microlithic tools, pottery fragments, and evidence of early human settlements.

These Mesolithic sites in Kerala help us understand the region's early inhabitants' ancient history, cultural practises, and artistic expressions. They are important archaeological treasures that connect us to Kerala's rich heritage and prehistoric roots.

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