Facts about Madhya Pradesh (Know Your State)

Madhya Pradesh Facts
Facts about Madhya Pradesh (Know Your State)
Madhya Pradesh is the 2nd largest state of India in terms of land cover after Rajasthan and 5th largest state of India in terms of population. It came to existence on 26 January 1950 by joining fromer Indian state Central Provinces and Berar and the princely states of Makrai and Chhattisgarh, with Nagpur as the capital of the state. Though later Marathi speaking Nagpur region (Vidarbha) region was ceded to Maharashtra in 1956 and Bhopal became its new capital; and in November 2000 Chhattisgarh was split from the state. It is bounded by the states of Gujarat from the west, Rajasthan from the northwest, Uttar Pradesh from the northeast, Chhattisgarh from the east, and Maharashtra from the south. The tropic of cancer passes through 14 districts of the state.

The state of Madhya Pradesh is known as the heart of India due to its geographic location and Bhopal is the capital city of the state while Indore is the largest city and economic hub of the state.

Government of Madhya Pradesh
  1. Governor: Lalji Tandon
  2. Chief Minister: Kamal Nath
  3. Vidhan Sabha: 231 seats (230 elected + 1 nominated)
  4. Chief Justice of MP High Court: Ravi Shankar Jha (Acting)
  5. Total Divisions: 10
  6. Total Districts: 52
  7. Total Tehsils: 362
  8. Total Muncipal Corporations: 16
  9. Total Nagar Palika: 98

Geography of Madhya Pradesh
  1. Area: 308252 sq km
  2. Area Rank: 2
  3. Latitude: 21°06'N - 26°30'N
  4. Longitude: 74°09'E - 81°48'E
  5. Regional Extention: 870 km East to West and 605 km North to South
  6. Neighbouring States: Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra
  7. Agroclimatic Zones: 10 (Kaimur Plateau and Satpura Hills, Satpura Plateau, Vindhyan Plateau, Narmada valley, Wainganga valley, Bundelkhand, Gird (Gwalior), Malwa Plateau, Nimar Plateau, Jhabua Hills and Leeshiv)
  8. Prime Meridian: Passes through Singrouli District
  9. Tropic of Cancer: Passes through 14 Districts - Bhopal, Vidisha, Raisen, Rajgarh, Ujjain, Ratlam, Sagar, Damoh, Katni, Shahdol, Umaria, Sihore, Agar Malwa, and Jabalpur
  10. Longest State Boundary: Uttar Pradesh
  11. Smallest State Boundary: Gujarat
  12. Largest District Area Wise: Chhindwara (11,815 sq km)
  13. Smallest District Area Wise: Niwari (1318 sq km)
  14. Bordering District of Madhya Pradesh with Rajasthan: 10
  15. Bordering District of Madhya Pradesh with Uttar Pradesh: 13

Population of Madhya Pradesh (2011)Total Population: 72,626,809
State Rank: 5
  1. Urban Popilation: 20,059,666
  2. Rural Popilation: 52,537,899
  3. Population Density: 240
  4. Sex Ratio: 931
  5. Literacy: 70.6
  6. Male Literacy: 78.7
  7. Female Literacy: 59.2
  8. Highest Literacy District: Jabalpur (81.1)
  9. Lowest Literacy District: Alirajpur (36.1)
  10. Highest Male Literacy District: Indore (87.3)
  11. Highest Female Literacy District: Bhopal (78.3)
  12. Highest Decadal Population Growth: Indore
  13. Lowest Decadal Population Growth: Anuppur
  14. Highest Rural Population District: Rewa
  15. Highest Urban Population District: Indore
  16. Highest Sex Ratio: Balghat (1021)
  17. Highest Scheduled Tribe Population District: Dhar
  18. Highest Scheduled Caste Population District: Ujjain
  19. Lowest Sex Ratio: Bhind (837)
  20. HDI: 0.594
  21. GDP: 8.09 lakh crore (2018-19)
  22. Religion: Hinduism (90.89%), Muslim (6.57%), Jain (0.78%), Buddhists (0.30%), Christians (0.29%), Sikhs (0.2%) and Others (0.83%)
  23. Languages: Hindi (88.57%), Marathi (1.70%), Urdu (1.26%) and Others (8.47%)

State Symbols of Madhya Pradesh
  1. State Animal: Barasingha
  2. State Bird: Indian Paradise Flycatcher (Dudharaj)
  3. State Fish: Mahseer
  4. State Fruit: Mango
  5. State Flower: White Lily
  6. State Tree: Banyan Tree
  7. State Song: Madhya Pradesh Gaan
  8. State Dance: Rai
  9. State Theatre: Maach
  10. State Sport: Mallakhambha
  11. State Language: Hindi
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