Mineral Deposits in Himachal Pradesh

Parvati River
Parvati River, Himachal Pradesh
The land of Himachal Pradesh is blessed with a number of important minerals such as salt, gypsum, clays, mica, limestone, barytes, iron, pyrite and lead. But out of all these minerals, only salt, limestone and slate are of some economic significance. Slate deposits are found in Mandi, Kangra and Chamba, rock salt deposits are located at Gumma and Darang in Mandi whereas Gypsum is found in Sirmaur district. Limestone is found in large quantities in Bilaspur, Sirmaur, Mandi and Solan district.

Interestingly, Himachal Pradesh is the sole holder of rock salt deposits in the country.

AsbetosMandi, Shimla
BaryteKinnaur, Lahaul and Spiti, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan
BauxiteShimla, Sirmaur, Solan
BerylChamba, Kinnaur, Kullu
ClayKangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur
CoalKangra, Mandi
CopperChamba, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Sirmaur, Solan
FloursparKinnaur, Sirmaur
GarnetKullu, Sirmaur
Glass SandBilaspur, Kangra, Una
GoldBilaspur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Sirmaur
GypsumKinnaur, Lahaul-Spiti, Sirmaur, Solan
IronKangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur
KyaniteKullu, Lahaul-Spiti
LeadKinnaur, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan
Limestone and DolomiteBilaspur, Chamba, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan
PyriteChamba, Lahaul-Spiti, Shimla, Sirmaur
UraniumHamirpur, Kullu, Kinnaur, Shimla
Rock PhosphateChamba, Kinnaur, Lahaul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan
Rock SaltMandi, Kangra
SilverSirmaur, Kinnaur, Kullu
SlateChamba, Kangra
Steatite (Talc)Shimla, Sirmaur
TourmalineKinnaur, Kullu
ZincLahaul-Spiti, Sirmaur

In recent surveys, potential Uranium deposits are located in Kullu and Hamirpur. Similarly, natural gas deposits are found at Jawalamukhi (Kangra) and Deot Sidh (Hamirpur).

Source: Geology and Mineral Resources of Himachal Pradesh
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