Culling and Carcass Disposal

Two cows eating their feed in a farm
Culling and Carcass Disposal


In animal husbandry, culling means removal of undesirable animals from the herd. It is an effective method of disease control in farm animals from chronically diseased animals.

Reasons for culling
(a) poor production
(b) poor reproductive health or sterility
(c) stunted growth
(d) illness or diseases such as Johne’s disease, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis and chronic Mastitis.
(e) stop spread of zoonotic disease such as rabies, anthrax and zika virus

However, culling in the case of poor production, sterility and stunted growth has been criticized by many animal rights activist and they want ban on killing animal for any cause.

In India, cows and other bovines cannot be slaughtered for meat consumption or any other reason if they are not terminally ill or deformed.


The dead body of an animal is known as carcass. An animal carcass is a potential source of disease and infections, therefore its proper disposal is a must and regulatory requirement.

(a) Precautions for carcass disposal
(i) Wear personal protective equipments such as gloves and face mask while handling the carcass.
(ii) Avoid direct contact with the dead animal blood, urine, faeces, and parasites such as lice, ticks and mites.
(iii) If a carcass requires to be transported then place it in a plastic and seal that instantly.

(b) Methods for Carcass disposal
(i) Burial
(ii) Burning
(iii) Incineration

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