Sutkagen Dor - The Westernmost Site of The Indus Valley Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization Sites
Sutkagen Dor - The Westernmost Site of The Indus Valley Civilization
Sutkagan Dor (or also spelled as the Sutkagen Dor) is the westernmost archaeological site of the Indus Valley Civilization. It is located on Makran coast near Gwadar, Baluchistan, close to Iran border. The Harappan site is near at the confluence of Dasht River and a riverine Gajo Kaur.

Sutkagan Dor was discovered in 1875 by Major Edward Mockler. Mockler also did a minor excavation in 1876 to reveal houses built of burnt bricks, stone knives, bone, pieces of copper, pottery, etc. The site was later investigated by Sir Aurel Stein who brought light to several evidences related to habitation, disposal of dead, etc. In October 1960, the site was extensively excavated by George F. Dales as a part of his Makran Survey.


Sutkagan Dor follows a typical Harappan architecture. There is a citadel in west along with a eastern lower town. The site is spread over 4.5 hectares. It is heavily fortified with semi-dressed stones. The citadel walls varies in height and thickness.

Coastal Route
Though Sutkagan Dor lies thirty five miles upstream from the bay of Gwadar, one can say by studying the geographical changes made by the Dasht river, it may have served as harbour in ancient times. The statement is based on the fact that sea-shells abound in the surrounding area.


Aurel Stein found 127 flint blades without cores measuring up to 27.5 cm. Along side, he also recovered stone vessels, stone arrowheads, copper arrowheads, shell beads, pottery, and various other items. He also found a copper-bronze disc probably associated with the Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex.

1. The Mechanics of Ancient Trade in Western Asia: Reflections on the Location of Magan and Meluḫḫa
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