Languages of Andhra Pradesh

Tribal Languages of Andhra Pradesh
Telugu is the official language of Andhra Pradesh. It is spoken by more than 83 percent of Andhraites. It is followed by Urdu, Hindi, Tamil, and other language. Andhra Pradesh is also home to some of the tribal languages of India such as Duruwa, Ollari, Gondi, Kui, Koya, Kuvi, Chenchu, Konda, Yerukula, and Muthvan.

Official Language of Andhra Pradesh

Telugu is the official language of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the six classical languages of India, and largest spoken language in Southern Central Dravidian language tree. Telugu is also official language of Telangana and Puducherry, making it one of the few language beside Hindi, English, Urdu, and Bengali, an official language of any Indian state. The earliest writing records in Telugu dates back to 400 BCE. Now, it is third most spoken language in India after Hindi, and Bengali.

Minor/Tribal Languages of Andhra Pradesh

Duruwa (or Parji) is a Dravidian language spoken by the Dhurwa tribe, who can be found in the state of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Chattisgarh. It has four major dialects, namely, Dharba, Kukanar, Nethanar, and Tiriya. Nethanar is the major dialect.

Ollari language (also known as Ollar Gadaba, Ollaro, Hallari, Allar, and Hollar Gadbas) is one of the tribal Dravidian language. It is mostly spoken around the bordering district of Odisha (Koraput) and Andhra Pradesh (Srikakulam).

Gondi is a tribal Dravidian language, spoken by two million people of Gond tribe. These people are spread over the area of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Telangana, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh. Some of the major dialects of Gondi language are Dorla, Koya, Madiya, Muria, and Raj Gond.

Kui (also known as Kandh, Khondi, Khond, Khondo, Kanda, Kodu, Kodulu, Kuinga, and Kuy) is the language of Khond tribe. It is closely related to historical Kalinga language. It is mostly spoken in the border area of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.


Kuvi is one of the two languages spoken by Khonds. It is sometimes considered as the dialect of its more dominant sister language Kui, but it is a distinct language.

Koya is a tribal Dravidian language of the Koya people. It is sometimes confused as a dialect of Gondi language, but it is different from Gondi.

Chenchu is the language of Chenchu tribes of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. It is also known as Chenchukulam, Chenchwar, Chenswar or Choncharu.

Konda or also known as Konda-Dora is one of the tribal Dravidian language. It is spoken by the Konda-Dora tribe members, who are spread over the states of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Assam.

Yerukula (also known as Kurru Bhasha or Kulavatha) is the language of Yerukula tribe. They are spread all over in South India.

Muthvan (also known as Mudavan, Muduva, Muduvan, Muduvar, and Mutuvar). It is spoken in the pockets of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.
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